Between 2010 and 2015, the United States committed over $2.5 billion to support for adaptation to climate change in developing countries. These funds helped to advance national adaptation planning through the National Adaptation Plans (NAP) Global Network, to promote access to and use of satellite climate data through SERVIR, and to fund multilateral adaptation funds, such as the Least Developed Countries Fund and the Special Climate Change Fund.
The Paris Agreement charges all countries to engage in adaptation planning processes and to implement adaptation actions. The Agreement also instructed Parties to strengthen their cooperation on adaptation, and highlights the importance of continued and enhanced support to developing countries for adaptation.
Earlier this year, developed countries, including the United States, released a climate finance roadmap establishing that they are collectively on track to double public finance for adaptation by 2020.
The United States has launched several new adaptation programs this year to enhance resilience to climate change and, thereby, promote implementation of the Paris Agreement. These include:
- Strengthening the National Adaptation Plans Global Network: The Paris Agreement calls on Parties to engage in adaptation planning processes. To support implementation of the Agreement, the United States is providing $13 million in support of the NAP Global Network to aid developing countries in the implementation of adaptation planning and action. This assistance is in addition to the bilateral assistance that the United States continues to provide to partner countries for the development and implementation of National Adaptation Plans.
- Supporting Adaptation in Africa: The United States launched new partnerships on adaptation in Africa in 2016. These programs are specifically designed to be supportive of, and respond to, the Africa Adaptation Initiative that was launched during COP21 in Paris. Specifically, the United States announced:
• The ADAPT Africa program as part of the NAP Global Network, to support African countries in developing and implementing national plans to increase resilience.
• $3 million to improve access to climate risk insurance through the Africa Risk Capacity program, launched by the G7 in 2015.
• The Malawi Resilience Program, to address short-term food needs created by El Nino-induced weather conditions, while simultaneously promoting productive household and community assets that build long-term resilience.
• The Africa Learning Agenda on Climate Services, which will focus on developing and sustaining climate information services, as well as improving the implementation of climate service delivery at the local level in the agriculture sector.
- Promoting Urban Resilience: The United States has launched a new initiative to help cities throughout Asia access climate finance. This new activity will help secondary cities in Asia through targeted technical assistance and capacity strengthening, developing technically sound and investment-worthy adaptation project proposals, and connecting them to public and private sources of climate funding/finance.
- Enhancing Support for Pacific Islands: In September, the United States launched the Climate Ready program, through which USAID will provide support to help Pacific Islands plan for current and future climate impacts and mobilize additional public and private resources.
- Improving Water Security in Nepal: USAID has launched the Program for Aquatic Natural Resources Improvement with an investment of $3.5 million. The program will work at watershed, basin, and national scales with the Government of Nepal, civil society, private sector and community partners to reduce threats to freshwater biodiversity in the Karnali, Mahakali, and Rapti river basins. The program will also increase the ability of targeted human and ecological communities to adapt to the adverse impacts of climate change through improved water management.
- Promoting Resilience in Central America: The United States, though USAID’s Central America and Mexico regional climate change program, has launched Centro Clima, a new climate change information center for Central America that develops and coordinates information to guide regional institutions, national governments, businesses, and communities to make informed decisions and better adapt to a changing climate in a region vulnerable to climate impacts.
- Promoting Resilience in the Caribbean: The United States has launched the Caribbean Climate Change Adaptation Risk Reduction Initiative (CCCARRI), a program that will strengthen an integrated system for the development, implementation, and financing of sustainable adaptation approaches in Antigua and Barbuda, Barbados, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Suriname, and Trinidad and Tobago. The project will help ensure that climate data and information are used in decision-making, innovative adaptation approaches are developed, and climate financing for adaptation initiatives is secured.
Enhancing Access to Data: On the margins of the UN General Assembly in September, the Department of State and the World Resources Institute, along with seventeen countries and nine international, civil society, and private sector organizations endorsed a joint declaration to mobilize collaboration by public and private actors to enhance access to actionable data for climate resilience. The Obama Administration also launched a new public-private Partnership for Resilience and Preparedness (PREP), including a BETA information platform that enables data sharing and enhances data accessibility to local governments and stakeholders working to manage climate variability and change.